Religion in Iraq was overwhelmingly Muslim as of 2015[update], with over 95-98% of the population practicing Islam. Finally, the interethnic violence declined by late 2007, and the new ethnic diversity of Baghdad about to be consolidate (figure 4). [24], In August 2004, International Christian Concern protested an attack by Islamists on Iraqi Christian churches that killed 11 people. Multiple Iraqi parties are in discussions as to whether the arches should remain as historical monuments or be dismantled. [42] Although Arabic was used as the international language of science, the scholarship involved not only Arabs, but also Persians, Syriacs,[43] Nestorians, Jews, Arab Christians,[44][45] and people from other ethnic and religious groups native to the region. They were 8% o… Wahlperiode Drucksache IV/3672, "Baghdad: The City in Verse, translated and edited by Reuven Snir", "Baghdad selected as new member of 'UNESCO Creative Cities Network, "Five women confront a new Iraq | csmonitor.com", "Gunmen storm independent radio station in latest attack against media in Iraq", "Occupation and international humanitarian law: Questions and answers - ICRC", Miastoprojekt goes abroad: the transfer of architectural labour from socialist Poland to Iraq (1958–1989), Iraq Image - Baghdad Satellite Observation, National Commission for Investment in Iraq, Description of the original layout of Baghdad, Ethnic and sectarian map of Baghdad - Healingiraq, UAE Investors Keen On Taking Part In Baghdad Renaissance Project, Iraq Inter-Agency Information & Analysis Unit, An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Baghdad&oldid=989837968, Populated places established in the 8th century, Articles with incomplete citations from July 2020, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages move-protected due to vandalism, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles lacking reliable references from December 2017, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2019, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Articles needing additional references from June 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Siege of Baghdad (1625), Ottoman–Safavid Wars, Masjid Al-Kadhimain is a shrine that is located in the, Salihiya Residential area - situated off Al Sinak bridge in central Baghdad, surrounded by Al- Mansur Hotel in the north and Al-Rasheed hotel in the south, Al Khat al Sare'a – Mohammed al Qasim (high speed lane) – runs through Baghdad, north–south, Al Sinaa Street (Industry Street) runs by the University of Technology – centre of the computer trade in Baghdad, "Travels in Asia and Africa 1325-135" by Ibn Battuta. [9] Modern scholars generally tend to favor this etymology,[9] which views the word as a compound of bagh () "god" and dād () "given",[13][14] In Old Persian the first element can be traced to boghu and is related to Slavic bog "god",[9][15] A similar term in Middle Persian is the name Mithradāt (Mihrdād in New Persian), known in English by its Hellenistic form Mithridates, meaning "Given by Mithra" (dāt is the more archaic form of dād, related to Latin dat and English donor[9]). There are reports of pressures by the Islamists to stop this tradition due to the associated gambling. Assyrians, Kurds, and Ottomans: Intercommunal relations on the periphery of the Ottoman Empire. The CIA World Factbook estimated the 2020 population of Baghdad at 7,144,000. According to current projections, Iraq’s population will continue to grow for the rest of the century, surpassing 100 million people by the end of 2085. The number of neighbourhood representatives on a district council is based upon the neighbourhood's population. In addition, the palace was near other mansions and officer's residences. In 2014, during the 2014 Northern Iraq offensive, the Islamic State of Iraq (ISIS) ordered all Christians in the area of its control, where Iraqi Army collapsed, to pay a special tax of approximately $470 per family, convert to Sunni Islam, or die. At the time, Sunnis and even some Shiites worried that Mr. Maliki was seeking to consolidate power, but as violence rose again and there was little improvement in basic services, the predominant worry was over the government’s abiding weaknesses. This page was last edited on 14 November 2020, at 17:36. [100][101] The humidity is typically under 50% in summer due to Baghdad's distance from the marshy southern Iraq and the coasts of Persian Gulf, and dust storms from the deserts to the west are a normal occurrence during the summer. Meanwhile, creating solid walls erect around of the Sunni neighborhoods that completely segregate Baghdad into two entities. Jordanian-Iraqi Sunni Arab Abu Musab al-Zarqawi was blamed for the attacks. by Rawlinson, George. The holiest Yazid shrine is that of Sheikh Adi located at the necropolis of Lalish. Mutanabbi Street is located near the old quarter of Baghdad; at Al Rasheed Street. In the year of Iraq's formal independence, 1933, the Iraqi military carried out large-scale massacres against the Assyrians (Simele massacre) which had supported the British colonial administration before. The purpose or use of the remaining space in the center is unknown. Baghdad was the largest city in the world for much of the Abbasid era during the Islamic Golden Age, peaking at a population of more than a million. Most present-day Christians are ethnically different from Kurds and they identify themselves as being separate peoples, of different origins and with distinct histories of their own.[1]. The Shias moved and expanded to the North, Northeast and Northwest of the city. [111] A plan was proposed by a Government agency to rebuild a tourist island in 2008. Shrines of the prophet Jonah and Saint George are also located there, and various other biblical prophets and saints are said to have been originally from there as well. In 1920, Baghdad became the capital of the British Mandate of Mesopotamia and after 1932, Baghdad was the capital of the Kingdom of Iraq. Thomas and Thaddeus belonged to the twelve Apostles. p. 92 - 97, Aboona, H. (2008). [6] A large population have also returned to their homes en masse following the defeat of ISIS and were able to celebrate Christian festivals of Christmas and Easter in safety with the protection of the NPU and its allies. The Nezamiyeh was founded by the Persian Nizam al-Mulk, who was vizier of two early Seljuk sultans. A Chaldo-Assyrian leader described the Kurdish campaign to Human Rights Watch as “the overarching, omnipresent reach of a highly effective and authoritarian regime that has much of the population under control through fear. Additionally, several reports have been written about those Christians who do not get "political" representation and therefore do not succeed in expanding their schools, and are shut out from all but the most basic funding. Between 2003 and 2006, most neighborhoods and district of Baghdad were remained considerably mixed. [54] Also in 2003, the minor riot in the city (which took place on 21 July) caused some disturbance in the population. [24] Mansur believed that Baghdad was the perfect city to be the capital of the Islamic empire under the Abbasids. This is an on-going and collective effort in recognizing that there are highly specific discourses that make up the historical and theoretical basis of Asian urbanism. UNHCR’s ELIGIBILITY GUIDELINES FOR ASSESSING THE INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION NEEDS OF IRAQI ASYLUM-SEEKERS UNHCR THE UN REFUGEE AGENCY United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)GenevaAugust 2007", see USDOS, 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices –Iraq.

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