Way to wisdom, an introduction to philosophy; by Jaspers, Karl, 1883-1969. How can we recommend either individual or social support of an exhausting intellectual enterprise that produces no practical results, leads to no unanimity, provides no reliable knowledge, and solves no problems? JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. And even as Kant "had to do away with knowledge to make room for faith," Jaspers values Nietzsche in large measure because he thinks that Nietzsche did away with knowledge, thus making room for Jaspers' "philosophic faith" ...[14], In his essay "On My Philosophy", Jaspers states: "While I was still at school Spinoza was the first. Karl Jaspers’ work comprises more than 30 books with about 12,000 printed pages and an estate of 35,000 sheets with several thousand letters. He maintained his status as a prominent thinker and philosopher in the German intellectual circles, until he passed away in 1969. He continued to make highly regarded statements on issues of the time as well as on scientific topics such as psychoanalysis. Engels, Huub (2009). These works appeared in print in 1946 and 1947. On 13 December 1913, at the age of thirty, Jaspers, supported by Nissl and Weber, presented his textbook on General Psychopathology to Wilhelm Windelband at the Faculty of Philosophy of the University of Heidelberg as a habilitation thesis and was able to habilitate in psychology. For Jaspers man’s existence meant not mere being-in-the-world but rather man’s freedom of being. He was born in Oldenburg, Germany, about twenty-five miles west of Bremen, on February 23, 1883.¹ . He showed an early interest in philosophy, but his father's experience with the legal system undoubtedly influenced his decision to study law at the University of Heidelberg. (This is a slightly different use of the word autochthonous than the ordinary medical or sociological use as a synonym for indigenous.) Karl Jaspers, in full Karl Theodor Jaspers, (born Feb. 23, 1883, Oldenburg, Ger.—died Feb. 26, 1969, Basel, Switz. In 1908, with the support of Karl Wilmanns, he received his doctorate under the supervision of Franz Nissl, the director of the Psychiatric University Hospital, who gave him the opportunity to work as a volunteer assistant after his licensure from 1909 to 1914. His academic advance in the university was rapid. Heirs to the tradition deriving from Locke and his enlightened followers tend to be antipathetic to the varieties of philosophy that have appeared on the Continent—whether idealistic, materialistic, or existentialistic. Mystic Christian traditions influenced Jaspers himself tremendously, particularly those of Meister Eckhart and of Nicholas of Cusa. “AS AN AMAZON ASSOCIATE I EARN FROM QUALIFYING PURCHASES.”, Socrates, Buddha, Confucius, Jesus: From The Great Philosophers, Vol. He argued that clinicians should not consider a belief delusional based on the content of the belief, but only based on the way in which a patient holds such a belief. Kant then became the philosopher for me and has remained so...Nietzsche gained importance for me only late as the magnificent revelation of nihilism and the task of overcoming it. https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt13x16m7, Karl Jaspers: An Introduction to His Philosophy, (For EndNote, ProCite, Reference Manager, Zotero, Mendeley...), chapter one Introduction: Disputed Topics, chapter three Institutions and Professions as Guides through Life, Bibliography Selected Writings of Karl Jaspers. He became a philosopher, in Germany and Europe. What powerful motives serve to perpetuate groundless speculations whose apparent futility is notorious? At graduation he had […] His three-volume Philosophy (1923) specifically contains these notions. Unlike the organicists, he reserves to each individual the final freedom to reject the communications of his fellows in favor of promptings from an inner source. [1] His views were seen as anti-communist.[13]. Jaspers did well in secondary school, which he atttended from 1892–1901. The transition from medicine to philosophy was due in part to the fact that, while the medical faculty was fully staffed, the philosophical faculty needed an empirical psychologist. He did not intend to present a philosophical work but rather one aimed at demarcating the limits of a psychological understanding of man. All Rights Reserved. In 1938 he fell under a publication ban as well. Somewhat later, this friendship broke up because of Heidegger’s entry into the National Socialist Party. If, as Jaspers tells us, “we are scarcely entitled to say that we have progressed beyond Plato,”¹ is there any reason to continue? Both of them had decided, in case of an arrest, to commit suicide. [11] He valued humanism and cosmopolitanism and, influenced by Immanuel Kant, advocated an international federation of states with shared constitutions, laws, and international courts. Jaspers never mentioned this circle, although he himself later called for a scientific justification of psychotherapy and critically examined psychoanalysis and its ideological claims until the end of his life. Most commentators associate Jaspers with the philosophy of existentialism, in part because he draws largely upon the existentialist roots of Nietzsche and Kierkegaard, and in part because the theme of individual freedom permeates his work. Unlike the positivists he insists that the communication of universally valid and intrinsically intelligible scientific truth is so vastly different from that of... Why philosophize? His three-volume Philosophy (1923) specifically contains these notions. He applied his psychiatric approach to Nietzsche’s philosophical notions, and presented his theories as direct expressions of his outlook on life, rather than fixed postulates. [citation needed]. [citation needed], Jaspers set down his views on mental illness in a book which he published in 1913, General Psychopathology. In 1913 Jaspers habilitated at the philosophical faculty of the Heidelberg University and gained there in 1914 a post as a psychology teacher. Karl Jaspers (1883-1969). His three-volume Philosophy (1923) specifically contains these notions. Jaspers had a strong influence on modern theology, psychiatry, and philosophy. (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvanian Press, 1971), p. xv . His academic advance in the university was rapid. Karl Jaspers - Karl Jaspers - Transition to philosophy: In 1913 Jaspers, by virtue of his status in the field of psychology, entered the philosophical faculty—which included a department of psychology—of the University of Heidelberg. In 1945 he was told by a reliable source that his deportation was scheduled to take place on April 14.

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